The purpose of this brief is to examine the medium and long-term opportunity costs of different strategies aimed at lessening the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Malawi. The brief focuses on moderate lockdown measures largely referring to social restrictions as promoted through school closures as well as movement and livelihood restrictions principally minimising social contact.
Issue theme: ICPD25: Accelerating the promise.
AFIDEP News is the African Institute for Development Policy’s newsletter. It is published twice a year to provide our stakeholders with updates of AFIDEP’s programmes and highlight emerging policy issues in population dynamics and demographic dividend; health and wellbeing; transformative education and skills development; environment and climate change; and governance and accountability.
Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), also known as ‘sleeping sickness,’ is a neglected tropical disease caused by subspecies of the parasite Trypanosoma brucei transmitted by tsetse flies. There has been a surge in the number of cases of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT)in Malawi in 2019/2020. HAT interventions in Malawifocus on diagnosis and treatment with limited vector-control. Strengthening diagnostic and treatment capacity, increasing vector-control and conducting surveillance could reduce and eventually eliminate rHAT in Malawi.
Digital Health Information Systems (HIS) have potential to improve the finances of health-care organisations in lower income countries through better tracking of patients and procedures, more timely billing, greater professional accountability and more informed decisions. However, little is known about how HIS influence these processes in such settings or how contextual and social factors mediate their implementation and impacts. This study investigated whether, and through what mechanisms, the implementation of a modular HIS influenced revenue capture from patient billing in a large referral hospital in Malawi, drawing on the perspectives of complex socio-technical systems, health system strengthening and ICT for good-governance.
Malawi is planning the 2021 insecticide-treated net (ITN) distribution campaign to potentially include the deployment of Interceptor® G2 (IG2) nets. This policy brief aims to inform this decision by presenting: current evidence supporting the efficacy and use of IG2 nets; and plans for PIIVeC research to address key evidence gaps.
Migration has been part of human history for thousands of years with proven positive effects. Nevertheless, in some parts of German and European societies, migration is increasingly perceived and portrayed as not beneficial. This policy paper provides an African perspective on migration highlighting the links between a growing population, the lack of economic prospects and the future of job markets. In their contribution to the paper, experts from the African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP), Dr Eliya Zulu, Executive Director, and Dr Bernard Onyango, Senior Researcher and Policy Analyst explain how the growing youth bulge can turn into a success […]
Knowledge translation (KT) is a dynamic and iterative process that includes synthesis, dissemination, exchange and ethically sound application of knowledge to yield beneficial outcomes for society. Effective KT requires researchers to play an active role in promoting evidence uptake. This paper presents a systematised review of evidence on low- and middle-income country (LMIC) researchers’ KT capacity, practice and interventions for enhancing their KT practice (support) with the aim of identifying gaps and informing future research and interventions. You can find the article here, for the open-access PDF. Authors: Violet I. Murunga, Rose N. Oronje, Imelda Bates, Nadia Tagoe, and Justin Pulford […]
This paper discusses our experiences and lessons from the Strengthening Capacity for Evidence Use in Health Policy (SECURE Health) project implemented in Kenya and Malawi to strengthen capacity for evidence use within the ministries of health (MoHs). The intervention implemented simultaneous activities to build technical skills at the individual level, strengthen institutional policies and structures that enable evidence use, and cultivate a supportive political environment for enabling increased demand and use of evidence in health policy-making in Kenya and Malawi. This paper discusses fresh, context-specific lessons and insights in strengthening institutional and individual capacities in government agencies for evidence use in Kenya and […]
The African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) is pleased to launch a new strategic plan for the period 2020-2024. In line with our purpose to have evidence used consistently to transform lives in Africa, the new road map for the institute outlines ways through which we aim to promote a shift from a culture of low evidence use in decision-making to a setting where policy and programme actors actively seek and routinely use evidence. In doing so, the right investments can be made towards development that transforms the lives of all African people.
This issue of the African Development Perspectives, we hope to refocus researchers, decision-makers, and practitioners on the role of evidence in addressing sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) in Africa, with the backdrop of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Programme of Action (PoA), signed by 179 governments twenty-five years ago, in 1994, in Cairo, Egypt, and the Nairobi Summit in November 2019, where delegates will converge to reaffirm the commitments to accelerate the promises made at the 1994 Conference.
Providing a variety of interesting articles on the state of SRHR in Africa, this Issue delves into what the evidence says about the successes in SRHR over the past 25 years and points to the gaps in knowledge. It also explores how, and whether, the progress registered so far in achieving good SRHR outcomes, which are fundamental human rights of all girls, boys, men, and women, can be fast-tracked, and how this progress is linked to the achievement of many SDGs.
AMR is a One Health issue, and it is possible that human and animal waste can spread resistant bacteria in the wider environment. More evidence is needed on how AMR is spread between humans, animals and the environment. Infections caused by AMR-bacteria can increase the risk of spread of infection to communities and livestock and result in longer duration of illness, higher mortality rates, and increased costs of alternative treatment.