Uganda

Photo taken during a site visit in Uganda. Photo credit: USAID/Tash McCarroll
Ugandan fishermen. Photo: Flickr/Safari Partners
Ugandan woman in the farm in Busia part of Uganda. Photo: Flickr/brighthopeworld

AFIDEP led various stakeholders to develop Uganda’s demographic dividend (DD) roadmap, a process that turned the President, who was previously opposed to family planning(FP) interventions, into an FP champion.

“In order for [our] big population to be advantageous like in India, China and Brazil, we [also] need to invest in education, health, infrastructure development and job creation. That is why I am happy that the issue [on family planning] is now being looked at from the Demographic Dividend perspective…,” he emphasized. “…If all [we] do is control the population and reduce fertility without looking at the other factors, [we] won’t go far as a country,” President H.E. Yoweri Museveni

The President said this while launching the country’s DD report:  ‘Harnessing the Demographic Dividend: Accelerating Socioeconomic Transformation in Uganda.’

The report was commissioned by Uganda’s National Planning Authority (NPA), and developed by various stakeholders led by AFIDEP.

Key Details

Population Indicators

  • Total Population (millions): 42.7 (HDR 2019)
  • Population ages 15- 64 (of total ppn-millions): 21.8 (HDR 2019)
  • Population under age 15 (% of total ppn): 47% (PRB 2019)
  • Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (births per woman): 5.1 (PRB 2019)

Economic development

  • Gross domestic product (GDP) per Capita (2011 PPP $): 1,807 (HDR 2019)
  • Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of ppn): 21.4% (WB 2016)
  • Share of youth not in education, employment or training, total (% of youth ppn): 33.5% (WB 2017)

Health and well-being

  • Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 35.4% (HDR 2019)
  • Government health expenditure (% of total): 6.2% (HDR 2019)

Education and skills development

  • Literacy rates, adult (%, ages 15 and older):  (HDR 2019)
  • Government expenditure on education (% of total):  (HDR 2019)

Environment and Climate

  • Agricultural land (% of land area): 70.2% (WB 2016)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 2.6% (WB 2016)
Sources:
World Bank Reports (WB)
UNDP Human Development Reports 2019 (HDR)
Population Reference Bureau World Population Datasheet 2019 (PRB)

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