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Zambia

Happy little girls in Petauke, Zambia. Photo: Flickr/cheswa95
Women carry 20-litre jugs of watrer drawn from the Zambezi river in Zambia. Photo: Flickr/ WaterAid
Mongu Fishermen, Zambia. Photo: Flickr/ Reinier van Oorsouw

Zambia is among 14 African countries that AFIDEP has supported to develop awareness and policy options for harnessing the Demographic Dividend.

It is also one of the 10 out of 14 countries who over the past four years have taken the next step to integrate recommendations from these studies in their mid-term national development strategies.

Informed by the evidence, the Zambian government developed and adopted its 7th National Development Plan 2017-2021 launched in June 2017. Illustrating the impact of our evidence on harnessing the demographic dividend, which emphasises an integrated approach to development, the government states in the Plan that:

The Plan seeks to realise five outcomes, which will contribute to its goal of creating a diversified and resilient economy for sustained growth and socio-economic transformation driven by agriculture and other sectors:

• Economic diversification and job creation

• Reduction of poverty and vulnerability

• Reduced developmental inequalities

• Enhanced human development

• The creation of a conducive governance environment for a diversified and inclusive economy

An implementation plan has been developed and is guiding government and development partner operations in implementing the Plan. Together with UNFPA, we continue to work with the government to support evidence use in the implementation of the Plan, and draw lessons for improving implementation of integrated plans for Zambia and other African countries.

Key Details

Population Indicators

  • Total Population (millions): 17.4 (HDR 2019)
  • Population ages 15- 64 (of total ppn-millions): 9.2 (HDR 2019)
  • Population under age 15 (% of total ppn): 46% (PRB 2019)
  • Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (births per woman): 4.7 (PRB 2019)

Economic development

  • Gross domestic product (GDP) per Capita (2011 PPP $): 3,748 (HDR 2019)
  • Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of ppn): 54.4% (WB 2015)
  • Share of youth not in education, employment or training, total (% of youth ppn): 43.5% (WB 2017)

Health and well-being

  • Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 41.5 (HDR 2019)
  • Government health expenditure (% of total): 4.5% (HDR 2019)

Education and skills development

  • Literacy rates, adult (%, ages 15 and older): 83% (HDR 2019)
  • Government expenditure on education (% of total): 5.7% (WB 2008)

Environment and Climate

  • Agricultural land (% of land area): 32.1% (WB 2016)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 65.2% (WB 2016)
Sources:
World Bank Reports (WB)
UNDP Human Development Reports 2019 (HDR)
Population Reference Bureau World Population Datasheet 2019 (PRB)

Related Items

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