Our Work

Our Work

Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics

The prospects of emulating the Asian countries and harnessing the demographic dividend have excited many African leaders including in the East African Community (EAC). Yet there is still a lack of clarity on the concept and on the required investments and policies that can meet the needs of the youthful population in the region and ignite its full potential to stimulate sustainable socio-economic development. AFIDEP and its partners, with support from the East African Research Fund (EARF) and DFID, are conducting a study to understand the implications of the present and future changes to the demography of youth (15-24 years) in the four EAC countries (Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda) on social services, labour force and urban planning.

The study also explores the policy actions that the four countries could adopt in order to optimise their chances of turning their youthful populations into driving forces for sustainable socioeconomic transformation through the demographic dividend. This one-year long project, which started in February 2017, draws on evidence from Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda.

Project Manager

Bernard O. Onyango, Ph.D.
Bernard O. Onyango, Ph.D. Senior Knowledge Translation Scientist Read More

Our Interventions

  1. Use systematic mapping approaches to review of existing literature and data sources, and to develop a conceptual framework of the pathways through which youth demographics affect access to and demand for basic and critical services including schooling, housing, health care, and jobs.
  2. Undertake modelling to show, under different scenarios, the short, medium, and long-term implications of youth population dynamics on the countries’ socio-economic status up to 2050.
  3. Develop recommendations which bring together evidence from the literature and data review and the scenario modelling to highlight the policy and implementation implications for each of the four countries and for the region, to benefit from the youth bulge.
  4. Present the findings using a range of communication methods including multimedia products such as animated charts and infographics which will target the youth in the region, web-accessible interactive maps which summarise the prospects for a demographic dividend in each of the four countries, narrative reports, and policy briefs.

This study expects to mainstream gender in all aspects of the analyses. Our approach to policy uptake will aim to increase awareness of, and commitment to multi-sectoral approaches to generating traction and action towards harnessing the demographic dividend. Our content will emphasise and advance dialogue about how the demographic dividend can improve outcomes for women and youth, including greater gender equality and youth empowerment, as a core component for achieving Africa’s long term socio-economic transformation aspirations.

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