Our Work

Our Work

Demographic Dividend

The Demographic Dividend (DD) Programme was conceived within the context of the discourse on the understanding of the demographic dividend as a paradigm for accelerated development and the appropriate policies and actions that should be adopted in order for countries in Africa to harness the demographic dividend. The demographic dividend refers to the accelerated economic growth that is initiated by a rapid decline in fertility and mortality that results in a change in the age structure from one dominated by child dependents to one dominated by economically productive working-age adults.  However, the dividend is not automatic or guaranteed and has to be earned by making strategic investments to improve education and skills development, health, economic reforms and job creation, and good governance and accountability. These were the ingredients for the success of the Asian Tigers who exemplify harnessing a substantial demographic dividend.

Project Manager

Bernard O. Onyango, Ph.D.
Bernard O. Onyango, Ph.D. Knowledge Translation Scientist Read More

Project Overview

The Demographic Dividend (DD) Programme was conceived within the context of the discourse on the understanding of the demographic dividend as a paradigm for accelerated development and the appropriate policies and actions that should be adopted in order for countries in Africa to harness the demographic dividend. The demographic dividend refers to the accelerated economic growth that is initiated by a rapid decline in fertility and mortality that results in a change in the age structure from one dominated by child dependents to one dominated by economically productive working-age adults.  However, the dividend is not automatic or guaranteed and has to be earned by making strategic investments to improve education and skills development, health, economic reforms and job creation, and good governance and accountability. These were the ingredients for the success of the Asian Tigers who exemplify harnessing a substantial demographic dividend.

Five Policy Wheels for Creating and Earning Demographic Dividend

Demographic Dividend, AFIDEP, Mortality Rate, Infertility, Economic Reforms, Family Planning

The pace of fertility decline in most African countries has been slow, but these countries can invest in programs to facilitate rapid fertility decline that will initiate the age structure change to one dominated by working-age adults. Coupled with the other requisite investments, this change can ignite accelerated and inclusive socioeconomic development. AFIDEP’s DD Project believes African countries can earn a substantial demographic dividend and is at the center of activities and efforts to make this a reality.

Programme Objectives

Drawing lessons from the experience of the Asian Tigers and incorporating realities of the African context, the DD project seeks to support evidence generation and policy engagement to enhance leadership commitment to addressing population challenges and foster inclusive socioeconomic development using the demographic dividend paradigm.

Specific objectives include:

  1. To review demographic and economic opportunities and challenges and assess their implications for the attainment of the demographic dividend in African countries
  2. To assess the prospects of harnessing a substantial demographic dividend in the countries in the region as a driver of rapid but inclusive socioeconomic development
  3. To demonstrate policy options for optimizing chances of harnessing the demographic dividend in countries in the region
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