The East African Community (EAC), is a regional intergovernmental partnership between six countries (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda, and the United Republic of Tanzania), originally conceived in 1967 by three founder states (Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania), and formally established in 2000 by a treaty. The pillars of integration, which are at various stages of implementation, include a customs union, a common market, a monetary union, and ultimately a political federation.
The four EAC countries (Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda), which are the focus of this briefing note, have a combined population of more than 150 million, with Rwanda being the smallest in terms of population size. Like the rest of Africa, the EAC is experiencing demographic changes which are affecting not just the size, but also the age-structure and the region’s social and economic progress.
Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics – East African Community countries