Fact Sheets

  • Antimicrobial Resistance: A Global, One Health Concern November, 2019

    AMR is a One Health issue, and it is possible that human and animal waste can spread resistant bacteria in the wider environment. More evidence is needed on how AMR is spread between humans, animals and the environment. Infections caused by AMR-bacteria can increase the risk of spread of infection to communities and livestock and result in longer duration of illness, higher mortality rates, and increased costs of alternative treatment.

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  • Sepsis: Causes, Symptômes, Diagnostic et traitement, Prévention June, 2019

    Le sepsis est une complication courante de l'infection qui entraîne souvent la mort ou une invalidité grave. On estime à 30 millions le nombre de cas de sepsis dans le monde chaque année, dont plus de 7 millions aboutissent à la mort. Le sepsis est en effet la deuxième cause de mortalité dans le monde et la principale cause de décès évitable. Vu les taux d'infection élevés, l'Afrique serait grandement touchée par le sepsis. Malgré le taux élevé de décès,   le sepsis reste largement méconnu et peu priorisé par le grand public, les professionnels de la santé et les importants décideurs. La sensibilisation et la connaissance du sepsis et de son fardeau sur la société sont essentielles pour le prévenir et sauver des vies.

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  • Information Sheet on Lung Health & TB in Africa May, 2019

    Globally, it is estimated that 1 billion people suffer from acute and chronic respiratory conditions, making them major causes of illness and death. Although there is a relative lack of data and evidence on lung health illnesses beyond tuberculosis (TB) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), their estimated regional burden is large and growing. In addition, there is a poorly understood relationship between infections, such as TB, and non-infectious causes of lung health problems. The problem in lung health diseases in SSA is exacerbated by many factors, including under-prioritisation, under-treatment, and weak preventative measures.

    This information sheet details the five biggest respiratory conditions plaguing the African continent - Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Tuberculosis (TB), Lung Cancer, acute respiratory infections such as pneumonia, and provides details about International Multidisciplinary Partnership to Address Lung Health and TB in Africa (IMPALA), a 4-year programme launched in 2017 to generate knowledge and implementable solutions for high burden, under-funded and under-researched health problems where lung health and TB belong. It also provides summaries of some of the studies being carried out by IMPALA Ph.D. and Postdoctoral Research Assistants (PDRAs) researchers to generate the knowledge needed to address the gaps and enable the implementation of policy-level change for improved lung health.

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  • Sepsis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and treatment, Prevention February, 2019

    Sepsis is a common complication of infection that frequently results in death or serious disability. Globally, there are an estimated 30 million cases of sepsis each year, over 7 million of which end in death. In fact, sepsis is the second biggest cause of death in the world and the leading cause of preventable death. With high rates of infection, Africa is expected to be greatly affected by sepsis. Despite its massive death toll, sepsis remains widely unknown and under-prioritised—by the general public, health care workers, and influential decision-makers. Awareness of and knowledge on what sepsis is and its burden on society is critical to prevent sepsis and save lives. This fact sheet was developed as part of the ARCS, a Global Health Research Group awarded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and led by the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM). Running from 2018 to 2021, ARCS operates within three African countries, Malawi, Gabon, and Uganda. ARCS brings together African and UK expertise across the applied health spectrum to tackle sepsis, learning from the UK’s experience in reducing sepsis mortality.

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  • Child Marriage in Malawi October, 2017

    Child marriage (marriage to a person less than 18 years old) remains a key development challenge in Malawi. The country registers the 11th highest rate of child marriage in the world and the 9th highest rate in Africa. In Malawi, 47 percent of women marry before the age of 18, and 12 percent before the age of 15. Typically, the age at first birth is about one year after marriage. As a consequence, Malawi’s teenage pregnancy rate is very high – 29 percent of girls aged 15-19 have begun childbearing.

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  • Reproductive, Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health: Migori County June, 2017

    Migori County has a population of just over 916,000 people. About half (49%) of the population is aged below 15, 19% are aged under 5 and 25% are aged 10-19. Migori County’s total fertility rate (5.3) is higher than the national rate of 3.9 and is also considered to be a high birth rate. The adolescent birth rate is higher than the national rate – more than 1 in every 10 girls aged 15-19 gives birth every year. Migori County is one of 15 Counties that account for over 60% of maternal deaths in Kenya. The latest estimate of the County’s maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is 673 deaths per 100,000 live births. Child death rates in Migori County mirror the national trend but infant and under five death rates are considerably higher. High maternal and child death rates are linked to high birth rates and limited access to life saving maternal and child health interventions. This fact sheet highlights the status of key reproductive, maternal and child health interventions in Migori County, in relation to the national status. The data are drawn from the 2009 and 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, the Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS, 2007), the UN and other national and global studies.

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