Policy Briefs

  • A Call to Action: Sepsis is Africa’s Neglected Silent Killer May, 2019

    Sepsis is a life-threatening condition resulting from severe infection and is a leading cause of preventable death worldwide. With its high burden of infection, Africa is expected to bear a disproportionate proportion of global sepsis. The huge human and financial costs associated with sepsis can be attributable to its under-prioritisation in health systems, in terms of resourcing, surveillance, and reporting. In low and middle-income countries (LMICs), including much of Africa, a significant proportion of sepsis can be attributed to the consequences of weak health systems, including poor sanitation and hygiene as well as poor quality health care. Priority investments for preventing sepsis in Africa include: introducing awareness and advocacy campaigns, improving sanitation and hygiene in health facilities, measuring and collecting data on sepsis, and conducting research to fill in sepsis management evidence gaps. Actionable policy recommendations are outlined later in this brief.

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  • Information Sheet on the NIHR Global Health Research Unit on Lung Health & TB in Africa May, 2019

    Globally, it is estimated that 1 billion people suffer from acute and chronic respiratory conditions, making them major causes of illness and death. Although there is a relative lack of data and evidence on lung health illnesses beyond tuberculosis (TB) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), their estimated regional burden is large and growing. In addition, there is a poorly understood relationship between infections, such as TB, and non-infectious causes of lung health problems. The problem in lung health diseases in SSA is exacerbated by many factors, including under-prioritisation, under-treatment, and weak preventative measures.

    This information sheet details the five biggest respiratory conditions plaguing the African continent - Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Tuberculosis (TB), Lung Cancer, acute respiratory infections such as pneumonia, and provides details about International Multidisciplinary Partnership to Address Lung Health and TB in Africa (IMPALA), a 4-year programme launched in 2017 to generate knowledge and implementable solutions for high burden, under-funded and under-researched health problems where lung health and TB belong. It also provides summaries of some of the studies being carried out by IMPALA Ph.D. and Postdoctoral Research Assistants (PDRAs) researchers to generate the knowledge needed to address the gaps and enable the implementation of policy-level change for improved lung health.

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  • Key Actions for Enhancing the Communication of Demographic Dividend Research to Improve Policymaking in Africa May, 2018

    Policymakers in Uganda, Malawi, and Kenya have made progress with aligning medium and long-term development plans within a demographic dividend framework. Researchers in these countries have evaluated the investments needed to leverage the potential of their large youthful populations, but incorporating this research into policy requires collaboration between policymakers and experts. To communicate effectively, experts need to bridge the gap between research and policy by using three essential strategies: strategic timing, culturally appropriate framing, and sustained relationships.

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  • Empowering Youth with Quality Jobs to Stimulate the Demographic Dividend in Rwanda October, 2017

    This brief highlights the key policy and programme options that can help accelerate economic productivity and job creation in Rwanda to enable the country earn the DD. The brief draws on findings of the Rwanda DD study that showed that the country can graduate to middle-income level with per capita GDP of US$ 4,014 by 2035 and to a high-income country with per capita GDP of US$ 12,555 by 2050 if the country adopts an integrated investment model that simultaneously prioritises investments to facilitate voluntary decline in fertility, education, health and job-focused economic reforms.

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  • Accelerating Fertility Decline to Trigger the Demographic Dividend in Rwanda October, 2017

    This brief is derived from the Rwanda Demographic Dividend (DD) study, which showed that reducing birth rates from 4.2 to 2.3 births per woman by 2050 would produce an age structure with more working age people than dependents. This would propel the country to upper-income status with GDP per capita of US$ 12,555 by 2050. This would be made possible if Rwanda follows an integrated investment framework that accelerates fertility decline and concurrently focuses on human capital development, the creation of decent jobs and ensures efficiency and accountability in use of public resources and service delivery.

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  • Unlocking Rwanda’s Potential to Reap the Demographic Dividend October, 2017

    This brief summarises results of the study carried out to assess the potential demographic dividend (DD) that Rwanda can earn under various policy scenarios and identify the policy actions that the country can invest in to harness the DD. The study involved a review of the country’s demographic and economic policies and programmes, modelling the DD using the DemDiv modelling tool, and interactive discussions with various stakeholders to identify key policy options for harnessing the DD.

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