Policy Briefs

  • Key Actions for Enhancing the Communication of Demographic Dividend Research to Improve Policymaking in Africa May, 2018

    Policymakers in Uganda, Malawi, and Kenya have made progress with aligning medium and long-term development plans within a demographic dividend framework. Researchers in these countries have evaluated the investments needed to leverage the potential of their large youthful populations, but incorporating this research into policy requires collaboration between policymakers and experts. To communicate effectively, experts need to bridge the gap between research and policy by using three essential strategies: strategic timing, culturally appropriate framing, and sustained relationships.

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  • Empowering Youth with Quality Jobs to Stimulate the Demographic Dividend in Rwanda October, 2017

    This brief highlights the key policy and programme options that can help accelerate economic productivity and job creation in Rwanda to enable the country earn the DD. The brief draws on findings of the Rwanda DD study that showed that the country can graduate to middle-income level with per capita GDP of US$ 4,014 by 2035 and to a high-income country with per capita GDP of US$ 12,555 by 2050 if the country adopts an integrated investment model that simultaneously prioritises investments to facilitate voluntary decline in fertility, education, health and job-focused economic reforms.

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  • Accelerating Fertility Decline to Trigger the Demographic Dividend in Rwanda October, 2017

    This brief is derived from the Rwanda Demographic Dividend (DD) study, which showed that reducing birth rates from 4.2 to 2.3 births per woman by 2050 would produce an age structure with more working age people than dependents. This would propel the country to upper-income status with GDP per capita of US$ 12,555 by 2050. This would be made possible if Rwanda follows an integrated investment framework that accelerates fertility decline and concurrently focuses on human capital development, the creation of decent jobs and ensures efficiency and accountability in use of public resources and service delivery.

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  • Unlocking Rwanda’s Potential to Reap the Demographic Dividend October, 2017

    This brief summarises results of the study carried out to assess the potential demographic dividend (DD) that Rwanda can earn under various policy scenarios and identify the policy actions that the country can invest in to harness the DD. The study involved a review of the country’s demographic and economic policies and programmes, modelling the DD using the DemDiv modelling tool, and interactive discussions with various stakeholders to identify key policy options for harnessing the DD.

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  • Stepping Up Investments in Human Capital Development to Unleash Rwanda’s Demographic Dividend October, 2017

    This policy brief highlights the policy and programme options that Rwanda can adopt to enhance human capital development to optimise its chances of harnessing the demographic dividend. It is derived from the Rwanda DD study, which showed that the age structure that would result from a decline in birth rates from the current level of 4.2 births per woman to 2.3 births by 2050 would propel the country to graduate to middle-income status with per capita GDP of US$ 4,014 by 2035 and to a high-income status with per capita GDP of US$ 12,555 by 2050.

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  • Demographic dividend or threat? Turning Malawi’s youthful population into an asset for socio-economic transformation December, 2015

    About 80 percent of Malawi’s population of 17.2 million are aged below 35 years and 46 percent are below 15 years. Malawi’s Government needs to make strategic investments in the youth as they can be critical agents for positive socioeconomic change if they are empowered to innovate and engage in economic productivity. On the other hand, the price of inaction is high; uneducated, unskilled, unemployed, and disillusioned youth can be agents of social unrest, crime, and violent extremism.

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