Policy Briefs

  • Key Actions for Enhancing the Communication of Demographic Dividend Research to Improve Policymaking in Africa May, 2018

    Policymakers in Uganda, Malawi, and Kenya have made progress with aligning medium and long-term development plans within a demographic dividend framework. Researchers in these countries have evaluated the investments needed to leverage the potential of their large youthful populations, but incorporating this research into policy requires collaboration between policymakers and experts. To communicate effectively, experts need to bridge the gap between research and policy by using three essential strategies: strategic timing, culturally appropriate framing, and sustained relationships.

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  • Ending Child Marriage in Malawi: What the Evidence Tells Us October, 2017

    Malawi has made tremendous progress in recent years toward the goal of ending child marriage. In 2015, Malawi adopted the Marriage, Divorce, and Family Relations Act, which set 18 as the legal minimum age for marriage, and in February 2017, a legal loophole allowing children between the ages of 15 and 18 to marry with parental consent was closed with an amendment to the Constitution.

    Despite this recent progress, child marriage (marriage to a person less than 18 years old) remains a key development challenge in Malawi. Malawi has the 11th highest rate of child marriage in the world, and the 9th highest rate in Africa.2 In Malawi, 47 percent of women marry before the age of 18, and 12 percent before the age of 15.3 Typically, the age at first birth is about one year after marriage. As a consequence, Malawi’s teenage pregnancy rate is very high – 29 percent of girls aged 15-19 have begun childbearing.

    This brief provides an overview of the evidence on child marriage in Malawi, and makes recommendations for policy and practice based on a synthesis of research.

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  • Stepping Up Investments in Human Capital Development to Unleash Rwanda’s Demographic Dividend October, 2017

    This policy brief highlights the policy and programme options that Rwanda can adopt to enhance human capital development to optimise its chances of harnessing the demographic dividend. It is derived from the Rwanda DD study, which showed that the age structure that would result from a decline in birth rates from the current level of 4.2 births per woman to 2.3 births by 2050 would propel the country to graduate to middle-income status with per capita GDP of US$ 4,014 by 2035 and to a high-income status with per capita GDP of US$ 12,555 by 2050.

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  • Unlocking Rwanda’s Potential to Reap the Demographic Dividend October, 2017

    This brief summarises results of the study carried out to assess the potential demographic dividend (DD) that Rwanda can earn under various policy scenarios and identify the policy actions that the country can invest in to harness the DD. The study involved a review of the country’s demographic and economic policies and programmes, modelling the DD using the DemDiv modelling tool, and interactive discussions with various stakeholders to identify key policy options for harnessing the DD.

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  • Accelerating Fertility Decline to Trigger the Demographic Dividend in Rwanda October, 2017

    This brief is derived from the Rwanda Demographic Dividend (DD) study, which showed that reducing birth rates from 4.2 to 2.3 births per woman by 2050 would produce an age structure with more working age people than dependents. This would propel the country to upper-income status with GDP per capita of US$ 12,555 by 2050. This would be made possible if Rwanda follows an integrated investment framework that accelerates fertility decline and concurrently focuses on human capital development, the creation of decent jobs and ensures efficiency and accountability in use of public resources and service delivery.

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  • Empowering Youth with Quality Jobs to Stimulate the Demographic Dividend in Rwanda October, 2017

    This brief highlights the key policy and programme options that can help accelerate economic productivity and job creation in Rwanda to enable the country earn the DD. The brief draws on findings of the Rwanda DD study that showed that the country can graduate to middle-income level with per capita GDP of US$ 4,014 by 2035 and to a high-income country with per capita GDP of US$ 12,555 by 2050 if the country adopts an integrated investment model that simultaneously prioritises investments to facilitate voluntary decline in fertility, education, health and job-focused economic reforms.

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