Policy Briefs

  • Harnessing the Demographic Dividend: Accelerating Socioeconomic Transformation in Uganda July, 2014

    Uganda’s young age structure can be turned into a valuable asset for achieving the socioeconomic transformation envisaged in Vision 2040 if birth rates decline rapidly. This will create a population with more working age people than children, which can accelerate economic growth if accompanied by investments in education, health, economic reforms to create quality jobs, and accountability in service delivery and use of public resources.

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  • Gaps in Health Care Provision for Key Populations Along East African Community (EAC) Transport Corridors July, 2015

    Globally, key and mobile populations are exposed to numerous health risks and vulnerabilities due to risk factors such as risky sexual behaviours, low risk perception, high levels of mobility, unsanitary accommodation, and inadequate access to health and social services. In the East Africa Community (EAC) region, these challenges are further compounded by the limited access to comprehensive health care along the transport corridors.

    This Policy Brief highlights results of a mapping exercise conducted to gather comprehensive up-to-date information on available health services along transport corridors in the EAC, for effective integrated programming for health and HIV/AIDS along the corridors.

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  • Beyond the First Dividend: Sustaining the Second Demographic Dividend April, 2013

    As a result of a “first” demographic transition, age structures of populations become older. Economically, people often move into higher-paying jobs and countries experience higher per capita income. These social and economic changes motivate people to accumulate greater personal wealth—a process known as the “second” demographic dividend.

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  • Africa and the challenge of realising the demographic dividend April, 2013

    Over the past decade, countries throughout Africa have experienced sustained economic growth. Despite this growth, almost two of every three people— or 660 million—are still living on less than $2 per day. Accelerated economic growth is needed to reduce inequality and poverty, and improve people’s lives across Africa. The experience of many countries in Asia and Latin America suggests a pathway to this accelerated economic growth. An economic window of opportunity opened in these countries as a result of a rapid decline in fertility, which increased the proportion of working-age people relative to dependent children. Countries responded by improving health and education, attracting foreign investments, and enacting economic policies that created jobs, which resulted in the accelerated economic growth that is referred to as the demographic dividend.

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  • Accelerating human capital development to optimise Zambia’s chances of harnessing the demographic dividend May, 2015

    A well-educated, highly skilled and healthy labour force is essential to propel Zambia to a thriving, industrialised and services-based economy that is envisioned in Vision 2030. Central to Vision 2030’s goal of transforming Zambia into a prosperous middle income country are investments in human capital development to improve the education and skills level of its people and ensure they are healthy.

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  • Creating and Capitalising on the Demographic Dividend for Africa May, 2012

    The demographic dividend (DD) represents a golden opportunity for many developing countries to experience accelerated economic growth as a result of population changes. Africa in particular is ideally positioned to (1) create the opportunity for a DD and (2) develop an environment conducive to reaping the economic benefits of the DD. The time for sustained action to take advantage of this potential is now.

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