Research Reports

  • East African Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics June, 2018

    The demographics of the East African Community (EAC), particularly those of Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, mirror those of Africa - decades of very high fertility in Africa, coupled with rapidly declining child mortality have created a population age-structure dominated by young people under the age of 25. Around 20% of the 127 million people in these four countries are between the ages of 15 and 24, and can be labelled as "youth" according to the United Nations definition. This report summarises the findings of research on the socioeconomic implications of youth demographics in the four East African Community (EAC) countries. It also poses recommendations that bring together evidence from reviewed literature, data, and scenario models to highlight the policy and implementation implications needed for each of the four countries, and for the region as a whole, to benefit from the youth bulge.

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  • Making the Dividend Count: Bridging Research and Africa’s Policy Processes May, 2018

    Despite this high-level expression of commitment, policymakers still need to do more to integrate demographic dividend research into their country’s policymaking processes. Drawing on the experiences of expert engagements with policymakers in Uganda, Malawi, and Kenya this paper outlines how experts have effectively communicated demographic dividend research to government officials, who in turn, incorporated these results into policies. While these interactions are still a work in progress, they provide lessons on how experts can more effectively communicate research with policymakers.

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  • Opportunities and Policy Actions to Maximise the Demographic Dividend in Botswana March, 2018

    Botswana’s socio-economic development aspirations as spelt out in Vision 2036, its current long-term development strategy, is to graduate from being an upper-middle-income country (UMIC) to a high-income country (HIC) with prosperity for all. Demographic change has implications for the realisation of these ambitions. This study set out to analyse the population dynamics and age-structure changes in Botswana in the medium to long-term and the implications these will have on the ability of the country to maximise its Demographic Dividend (DD).

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  • Working with Parliamentary Committees of Health to Tackle Health Issues in Africa December, 2017

    The Network of African Parliamentary Committees of Health (NEAPACOH, previously known as the Southern and Eastern Africa Parliamentary Alliance of Committees on Health (SEAPACOH)) is one of the active networks engaging members of parliament (MPs) in Africa to strengthen the delivery of their functions of oversight, legislation and representation, in tackling health challenges in the region.

    This study sought to understand NEAPACOH’s contributions in strengthening parliamentary committees in Africa to tackle health and population challenges, and identify ways in which the network can become more effective in the delivery of its mandate. Given the integral role of information or evidence in the delivery of the parliamentary functions, the study had a special interest in understanding how the network promotes evidence-informed discharge of the health committee. The purpose of the study was to generate learning needed to strengthen NEAPACOH as well as inform future efforts aimed at strengthening the delivery of parliamentary functions in Africa.

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  • Unlocking Rwanda’s Potential to Reap the Demographic Dividend October, 2017

    This report summarises the results of a study carried out to assess the potential Demographic Dividend (DD) that Rwanda can earn under different policy scenarios, and also to determine the policy actions that the country can invest in to optimise its chances of harnessing the DD. The Demographic Dividend (DD) refers to the temporary economic benefit that a country can earn from a significant increase in the ratio of working-age adults relative to young dependents created by rapid decline in birth rates. The DD can be maximised if the fertility decline and change in the age structure is accompanied by sustained investments in education and skills development, health, job creation and good governance.

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  • Skills at Scale: Transferable Skills in Secondary and Vocational Education in Africa March, 2017

    This study examines three cases in which governments in Sub-Saharan Africa have undertaken reforms of formal secondary as well as TVET systems to better incorporate training in transferable skills. While, until recently, this type of skills training was largely implemented on a small scale by private and non-profit organizations working largely with out-of-school youth, these cases offer early examples of how the governments of Rwanda, Kenya, and Nigeria have brought this training into the formal education system and scaled it up, sometimes dramatically.

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