Research Reports

  • The Role of Political Will and Commitment in Improving Access to Family Planning in Africa [Full Paper] March, 2013

    A few countries in Eastern and Southern Africa - namely Ethiopia, Malawi, and Rwanda - have demonstrated a new wave of optimism and made good progress in addressing barriers of access to modern contraception over the past decade or so. Further, progress in contraceptive use in Kenya and Tanzania stalled in the 1990s, but both countries have recently demonstrated potential for recovery and good progress. The aim of this study was to explore the origin, architecture and role of political will in contributing to these largely unexpected successes.

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  • Africa on the Move! The Role of Political Will and Commitment in Improving Access to Family Planning in Africa December, 2012

    Despite commitments to the program of action for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and MDG 5 (focused on maternal and reproductive health), little progress has been made in improving access to family planning and slowing rapid population growth in Africa. Lack of political will has been highlighted among the key factors behind the lackluster performance in addressing these 'sensitive' development issues. However, the situation is changing with some African governments embracing family planning as a key tool for improving child and maternal health, slowing population growth and preserving the environment, and enhancing broader efforts to alleviate poverty.

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  • Assessment of Drivers of Progress in Increasing Contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa December, 2012

    Despite the immense health, environmental and economic growth benefits from use of modern family planning (FP) methods, recent estimates published by Guttmacher Institute and UNFPA in June 2012 present that only 17% (36 million) of married women in Sub-Saharan Africa use modern family planning (FP) methods. However, a significantly greater proportion of married women, estimated at 60%, or a staggering 53 million women, are unable to voluntarily space, delay or avoid births through modern FP methods. Despite the generally poor performance in meeting objectives of the International Conference on Population and Development’s (ICPD) Program of Action, which established a reproductive health (RH) and FP framework in 1994, and Millennium Development Goal (MDG) MDG target 5b on universal access to RH by 2015, a few countries in sub-Saharan Africa have ignited a new wave of optimism and progress in addressing unmet need for FP.

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  • Population Dynamics, Climate Change, and Sustainable Development In Kenya November, 2012

    This report by the African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) and Population Action International (PAI) presents a timely assessment of the role of population dynamics and climate change in sustainable development in Kenya. It is based on sound analysis of the issues, utilizing the most up-to-date data, which is complemented by a policy and programme assessment, and informed by the views of key policy makers and implementers from government, development practice, and civil society.

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  • Population Dynamics, Climate Change, and Sustainable Development in Malawi November, 2012

    Malawi's long-term development strategy, Vision 2020, is operationalized through five-year medium term strategies. The primary objective of the 2011-2016 Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MGDS II) is to enhance wealth creation and reduction of poverty through sustainable economic growth and infrastructure development. The MGDS II recognises that population dynamics and climate change influence all aspects of sustainable development, and calls for concerted efforts to address these issues in order for the country to achieve its development objectives.

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  • Assessing Levels and Determinants of Child Deprivation in Eastern and Southern Africa October, 2012

    Progress in addressing inequities in child health and wellbeing in Africa has partly been curtailed by lack of proper indicators to measure and monitor progress in reducing the vulnerability of children. Child wellbeing has mostly been identified and measured using uni-dimensional approaches such as household income and consumption. Such approaches overlook the multidimensional nature and severity of child deprivation since they do not incorporate other aspects of child wellbeing such as access to health care, education, and social welfare provisions.

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