Research Reports

  • Rapid Assessment of the Status of HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health Linkages and Integration in Lesotho May, 2011

    HIV/AIDS and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) policy and programmes have been historically established, funded, and implemented vertically. But over the last decade or so years, the need to link and integrate HIV/AIDS and SRH responses has been widely recognized at international level as critical to ensuring universal access to SRH and HIV services. In fact, there is growing understanding that countries with high unmet need for SRH services and high HIV prevalence will find it hard to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) if they do not ensure universal access to SRH and HIV services (WHO et al. 2009).

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  • An Assessment of Capacity Needs for Application of Research Evidence in Decision-making in the Health Sector in Kenya September, 2014

    Research uptake in public policymaking processes remains sub-optimal, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, despite the recognised importance of using research evidence in policymaking. Knowledge on how to improve research uptake to enable evidence-informed policymaking in developing countries remains inadequate. In fact, most of the knowledge in this area is drawn from research in developed countries. This report presents the results from the Kenya needs assessment. The study revealed that policymaking in Kenya recognises the importance of using research evidence decision-making but in practice, it is is curtailed by a number of challenges and constraints.

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  • Rapid Assessment of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, Family Planning and HIV/ AIDS Integration in Malawi July, 2014

    The high burden of disease and death relating to HIV/AIDS, unintended pregnancies and poor maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) remains a major health challenge in Malawi, as is the case in most of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This is largely a result of a weak health system resulting in low demand for and utilisation of health care services. Malawi is a country with strong political will and a learning and cooperative culture for working with development partners and adopting proven lessons for improving health services. Despite commendable efforts in improving delivery in the three areas, the burden of disease remains very high, pointing to the need to step up outreach and quality of care. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is currently investing in Malawi in MNCH, Family Planning (FP) and HIV/AIDS. The Foundation supports the Presidential Safe Motherhood Initiative, which integrates MNCH and FP. The Foundation also supports a programme to improve data systems related to HIV/AIDS and Family Planning.

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  • Landscape Analysis of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, Family Planning and HIV/AIDS Integration in Zambia May, 2014

    The sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region faces numerous health challenges, including a high burden of disease relating to HIV/AIDS, unintended pregnancies and poor maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). This is largely a result of weak health systems compounded by a low demand for, and utilisation of, health care services in the region. Integration of HIV/AIDS, family planning (FP), and MNCH services is widely seen as part of the solution to improving health delivery in SSA because the three issues are fundamentally interconnected and clients seeking HIV/AIDS services and those seeking SRH services are mostly in the same age range and share common health needs. HIV is mostly transmitted through unprotected sex or directly from mothers to babies during childbirth or breastfeeding. Family Planning is a key intervention that enables families to decide when and how many children to have. Pregnant women require quality MNCH services in order to have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies. Family Planning and MNCH interventions together have been shown to reduce the burden of maternal, newborn and child mortality.

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  • Population Dynamics, Climate Change, and Sustainable Development in Africa September, 2012

    A region's population dynamics, including the size, distribution and composition of its population, influence its prospects for sustainable development. Virtually all development policies in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) cite the region's rapid population growth, urbanisation, and age structure as major challenges. These pressures hurt efforts to reduce poverty, ensure food security, preserve the environment, and improve education, employment, and health.

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