At ICPD Cairo ’94, Governments agreed that that education is the single most important element on the road to equality and empowerment of girls women. So far, findings from I-LEARN have shown that poverty is a major driver of both teen pregnancy among girls in school and of school dropouts. It was noted that families often struggle to pay for basic needs, including but not limited to school fees, school supplies, and boarding costs. In some instances, girls seek support from boys or men to meet these basic needs, after which they may be pressured into sex. In others, parents pressure or force their underage daughters to marry so that the groom can provide material support to the family, or simply so that their daughter will be supported by someone else. This indicates that greater efforts are needed in understanding and removing social and cultural barriers that hinder girls from completing school after pregnancy.
The Executive Director of the African Institute for Development Policy, Eliya Zulu, spoke to Njiraini Muchira of The East African. What does the use of evidence in policymaking entail? The aim is to make sure that decision makers have reliable and quality evidence every time they make decisions to improve the well-being of people.
Between 13 – 14 June 2019, AFIDEP conducted a training with researchers from the International Multidisciplinary Programme to Address Lung Health and TB in Africa (IMPALA). The focus of the training was on enhancing the scholars’ ability to communicate evidence from their research projects in simple formats that can easily be understood by non-experts
Pregnancies among schoolgirls are a leading cause of school dropout (accounting for about 25% of drop-outs in sub-Saharan Africa) yet evidence shows that each extra year a girl stays in school increases their future earnings by 10-20%. In Kenya, almost 2 out of every 10 girls between the ages of 15 and 19 are reported to be pregnant or have had a child already. This trend has been fairly consistent for more than two decades, with the nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys showing little change on prevalence between 1993 and 2014.
According to the UN, the world’s human population will reach ten billion by the year 2055. Much of this growth will happen in low- and middle-income countries, where fertility rates (the average number of children a woman will have in her lifetime) are high. Most African governments are already struggling to provide basic services
When it comes to the cost of medical care, a popular saying goes that majority of Kenyans are one medical emergency away from poverty. It is therefore not surprising that Universal Health Coverage (UHC), one of President Kenyatta’s Big Four Agenda, has quickly gained traction relative to the other three pillars — enhancing manufacturing; food security