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These Guidelines for Evidence Use in Policy Analysis and Decision-Making have been developed to provide practical guidance to technical staff and Members of Parliament on better and more effective ways of finding, appraising, synthesising and applying research evidence in policy analysis and decision-making. The Guidelines therefore make a significant contribution towards enabling Parliament to effectively deliver its core functions of oversight, legislation, budgeting and representation, given the critical role of information, including scientific and other types of evidence, in the delivery of these functions.
The development of these Guidelines was made possible through the Malawi Parliament’s collaboration with the Strengthening Capacity to Use Research Evidence in Health Policy (SECURE Health) programme, which is a consortium of five organisations led by African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP). The development of the guidelines has been informed by the Malawi Government’s provisions and guidance contained in the Malawi Constitution, the Attorney General’s Memorandum, the Guide to Executive Decision-Making Processes, the Standing Orders of Parliament, and the Malawi National Assembly Strategic Plan (2015-2020).
These Guidelines for Evidence Use in Policy-Making have been developed to provide practical guidance to health sector stakeholders on better and more effective ways of finding, appraising, synthesising and applying research evidence in policy-making. The Guidelines therefore make an important contribution to the realisation of one of the Ministry of Health’s (MoH) commitments in the Kenya Health Policy 2014-2030 of increasing use of research evidence in decision-making in the health sector.
The need for guidelines for evidence use in decision-making in the health sector has been identified by the Ministry of Health (MoH)’s senior officials and staff through interactions with the Strengthening Capacity to Use Evidence in Health Policy (SECURE Health) programme. The results of a study conducted by the SECURE Health Programme in 2014 on the status of research use within the MoH and Parliament, and an initial external evaluation of the SECURE Health programme conducted in 2015 have revealed a need for guidelines on policymaking and evidence use within the Ministry.
The aim of this study was to assess effectiveness of guidelines for referral for elective surgical assessment using systematic review with descriptive synthesis. The article concludes that guidelines for elective surgical referral can improve appropriateness of care by improving pre-referral investigation and treatment, but there is no strong evidence in favour of other beneficial effects.